By Rhina Guidos
Catholic News Service
LOLOTIQUE, El Salvador (CNS) — On Easter, as thousands of Salvadorans from around the country packed into the rural town of Lolotique, Catholic Church officials laid to rest a 36-year-old priest violently killed during Holy Week — the latest victim of an unending wave of violence that plagues the country.
Officials held the April 1 funeral Mass for Fr. Walter Vasquez Jimenez, a priest of the Diocese of Santiago de Maria in eastern El Salvador, in his native Lolotique, a picturesque town with indigenous roots. Surrounded by the sounds of drums and marimbas, with a circle full of flower petals on the floor in front of the altar at Lolotique’s Holy Trinity Parish, Fr. Vasquez’s casket was surrounded by his mother, friends, parishioners, the country’s only cardinal and four bishops.
“He was headed to Mass, which he won’t celebrate now, but he will celebrate in the presence of God,” his cousin, José Díaz Vásquez, told Catholic News Service. He was one of the thousands packed into the town square in front of the church to remember the priest.
Fr. Vasquez was headed to celebrate a Holy Thursday Mass in the department of San Miguel March 29, hours after renewing his vows as a priest at a chrism Mass, when a group of heavily armed men wearing masks stopped the car he and parishioners were traveling in. The passengers were robbed at gunpoint and the priest was fatally shot.
The incident brings to mind the assassination of Blessed Oscar Romero, the Salvadoran archbishop who was martyred while celebrating Mass in 1980, and who is set to be canonized later this year.
The killing has shaken Catholic Church officials, who say they still do not know what led to the assassination or what it means for the Church. Many believe gang members killed the priest, but details of what led to the killing are unknown, and Church authorities are calling for answers, not just in the priest’s killing but in the rampant crimes the poor in the country suffer daily. Many of these crimes are never prosecuted.
“We condemn all the acts of violence that are committed daily against our people and that lead to homicides, such as the one committed against Fr. Walter Vasquez,” said a March 30 statement by Frs. Estefan Turcios Carpano and Luciano Ernesto Reyes García, director and adjunct director for the Archdiocese of San Salvador’s human rights office, Tutela Legal de Derechos Humanos.
The office demanded that authorities investigate, capture and prosecute those responsible for the murder of Fr. Vasquez, and those responsible for the general violence that El Salvador suffers.
Priests, as well as bishops, have repeatedly condemned the country’s rampant violence.
Fr. Turcios, who serves in Soyapango, a city near San Salvador that suffers from gang violence, said there is much that is not yet known in Fr. Vasquez’s case, but he has spoken in the past about unequal economic situations that have led to war and now to a culture of violence in El Salvador’s poor areas, such as the one where he serves.
The Holy Week killing of Fr. Vasquez harkened memories for Fr. Turcios of the violence surrounding the 1977 killing of Jesuit Father Rutilio Grande, the first Catholic priest killed prior to the country’s civil war. And it did the same for some of Fr. Turcios’ parishioners, who initially worried about participating in outdoor religious activities during Holy Week following news of Fr. Vasquez’s killing.
Salvadoran Cardinal Gregorio Rosa Chávez asked those gathered at the priest’s funeral to think about the killing. “What is it trying to say to us as a country?” he asked.
“In this country, life means nothing,” he said tersely. “Let’s respect life … let’s defeat our fears.”
He asked the crowd to work to “protect youth so they’re not in the clutches of the vice of violence.”
San Salvador Archbishop José Luis Escobar Alas marched near the slain priest’s coffin, decorated on the top with a bouquet of purple flowers, as it was carried up to the church, while bands played and the crowd sang hymns and popular songs.
In 2016, the archbishop penned a terse pastoral letter about the country’s escalating violence. The Church, through its programs, has tried to engage the country’s youth, particularly boys who could become victims or inducted into gangs, to seek a path of peace.
Church officials such as Fr. Turcios and Archbishop Escobar blame a history of economic injustice in the country for its latest episode of large-scale violence manifested by gangs, a period that began shortly after the country’s 12-year civil war ended in 1992.
Rampant violence has ravaged the Central American nation — considered one of the most dangerous countries not at war — since the 1990s.
A group from Fr. Vasquez’s St. Bonaventure Parish, in the department of Usulutan, where Fr. Vasquez last served, said they believed the crime was random, and he suffered as many others suffer in the country.
“He didn’t have enemies,” said parishioner Jose Gilberto Aranda Ascorcio. “He transmitted happiness.”
Even in a country where tension exists between Catholics and some Protestants, Fr. Vasquez was a person respected by people from a variety of faiths, Aranda said.
Several women dressed with clothing associated with Evangelical groups in El Salvador — long skirts and heads covered with white lace or a white cloth — lined the path toward the cemetery.
Some of his parishioners wore T-shirts with his face on them, which they say they wore to the Easter Vigil as a sign that they would carry on his work and his spirit, that he would keep living through them.
“He was simple, humble,” said parishioner Liliana Carolina Perez Ramirez, who added he appealed to anyone who came into contact with him.
When the group showed up to the vigil wearing the shirts with his image, it represented their belief in the Resurrection, which includes now Fr. Vasquez’s, Perez said.
During Mass, Cardinal Rosa Chávez said it did not matter who killed Fr. Vasquez or why, but the violence had to stop.
“We can’t continue like this,” he said. “The world is watching us … We defeated the war. Why can’t we defeat this other type of war?”