Members of the Missionaries of Charity pray in this Aug. 26, 2016, file photo near the tomb of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta, India, in celebration of her birthday. Mother Teresa, foundress of the Missionaries of Charity, was canonized that year. The sisters continue to celebrate her birthday. (CNS photo/Piyal Adhikary, EPA)

CALCUTTA, India (CNS) — Missionaries of Charity nuns in India celebrated the birthday of their order’s founder, St. Teresa of Calcutta, three years after her canonization, breaking a Catholic convention.

Archbishop Thomas D’Souza of Calcutta led a Mass Aug. 26 marking the 109th anniversary of the saint’s birth in the headquarters of the Missionaries of Charity in the eastern city, reported The Union of Catholic Asian News.

Soon after the Mass, about 300 women religious and novices sang “Happy Birthday” at the tomb of their foundress, popularly known as Mother Teresa.

The saint’s birthday was a major celebration in the house when she was alive, and the nuns continued to celebrate it even after her death in 1997 and canonization in 2016.

In Catholic tradition, only a saint’s feast day — normally the anniversary of death — is celebrated, not the birth anniversary. The day of death is believed to be the day of a saint attaining a heavenly life.

Senior members of the order told that the congregation continues to celebrate Mother Teresa’s birthday because no one told them to stop the practice, and they do not find anything wrong in doing so.

Blessed Mother Teresa addresses a crowd of 15,000 at the Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum during her visit to Phoenix Feb. 2, 1989. (Diocese of Phoenix Archives)

“There can be no feast day without a birthday,” one of them said, adding that they will begin a novena — or nine-day prayer — from Aug. 27 in preparation for Mother Teresa’s feast day celebration Sept. 5. “So, our birthday celebrations could be seen as preparation for the feast day,” she said.

They also said the Missionaries of Charity’s 700 homes in 136 countries — including one in downtown Phoenix near Our Lady of Fatima Parish — mark Mother Teresa’s birthday with festivities.

Sr. Mary Prema, superior general of the order, said their foundress served “the poorest of the poor … as her own mother had taught her to help the poor and to belong all to Jesus.”

Mother Teresa was 19 when she came to India as a Loreto nun in 1929. She left the congregation in 1948 to serve the poorest in the slums of the city. The congregation she founded in 1950 now has about 4,500 sisters.

The saint was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu on Aug. 26, 1910, in Skopje, which is now the capital of North Macedonia, to devout Albanian Catholic parents Nicola and Dranafile.

This story was originally published by The Union of Catholic Asian News.